Compiled by Lela Rabie
What is a GMO?
When an organisms genetic material has been changed, basically its DNA has been tampered with, using genetic engineering techniques, it is known as a GMO, a Genetically Modified Organism. In some cases, it can also be known as a GEO or genetically engineered organism.1
How does Genetic Modification work?
Genetic engineering takes a short cut to the usual process where individuals of the same species mate and the species grows stronger through inherited genes. In genetic engineering genes are physically transferred from one living thing directly into the centre of a cell (called the nucleus) of something else, which is often from a completely different species. For example, contrary to what normally happens in nature, in the process of genetic engineering, genes can be transferred between animals and plants.2